ANP Releases Study Report on Carbon Capture, Usage, and Storage (CCUS)

The National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Biofuels (ANP) recently published a comprehensive report analyzing the implementation of regulatory frameworks for Carbon Capture, Usage, and Storage (CCUS) in Brazil. This subject matter is currently under consideration through legislative projects in the National Congress, which, if approved, would delegate regulatory authority over the activity to ANP.

Background and Context

Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) is a multifaceted approach to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. It involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions from industrial processes, power plants, and other sources, utilizing them for various purposes, and safely storing them underground. The ANP recognizes the urgency of addressing climate change and the need to transition toward a low-carbon economy.

Key Findings and Recommendations

The ANP’s report is the result of an extensive regulatory study conducted by various technical departments within the agency. Here are the key findings and recommendations:

  1. Regulatory Competence: The report emphasizes the importance of establishing regulatory competence for CCUS activities. Currently, several bills are under consideration in the Brazilian Congress that would grant the ANP the authority to regulate CCUS. If approved, the ANP would play a pivotal role in overseeing and managing CCUS projects.
  2. Cross-Sector Collaboration: Given the cross-cutting nature of CCUS, the study involved collaboration with external stakeholders, including government bodies, oil and gas companies, and national and international experts. This collaborative effort ensures a holistic approach to CCUS regulation.
  3. Experimental Regulation: Considering the dynamic landscape of CCUS projects, the ANP recommends an experimental regulatory approach. Pilot projects can serve as testing grounds for regulatory frameworks, allowing adjustments based on real-world experiences.
  4. Market Development: The ANP acknowledges the need to balance regulatory requirements with market development. While ensuring safety and sustainability, the agency aims to facilitate the growth of a secure and sustainable CCUS industry.
  5. Decarbonization Goals: By supporting CCUS, Brazil can contribute significantly to decarbonizing key sectors of its economy. The report underscores the alignment of CCUS efforts with Brazil’s emission reduction commitments.

Looking Ahead

The ANP’s proactive approach to CCUS regulation demonstrates its commitment to fostering a safe, sustainable, and innovative industry. As Brazil continues to explore cleaner energy alternatives, CCUS will play a crucial role in achieving climate goals.

Stay tuned for further updates as the ANP works toward implementing effective CCUS regulations and supporting Brazil’s transition to a greener future.

For more information, you can read the full report.