ANP’s Incident Reporting in Brazilian Oil and Gas Sector

The oil and gas industry operates in a complex environment, where safety and environmental protection are paramount. In Brazil, the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Biofuels (ANP) plays a crucial role in regulating and overseeing this sector. One such significant measure, ANP Resolution No. 882/2022, focuses on incident reporting and investigation procedures for operators and authorized companies.

Understanding Resolution Nº 882

The resolution, enacted on July 27, 2022, mandates specific procedures for incident reporting and investigation to be followed by operators engaged in oil and gas exploration, production, and related activities. It emphasizes the importance of promptly reporting incidents to the ANP and conducting thorough investigations to identify root causes, prevent recurrence, and promote organizational learning.

Key Provisions

Scope: ANP Resolution No. 882/2022 establishes a clear procedure for incident communication and the submission of investigation reports. It applies to:

  • Operators of Exploration and Production Contracts: These are the companies responsible for exploring and producing oil and natural gas.
  • Authorized Companies in the Oil, Natural Gas, and Biofuels Industry: These entities engage in various activities related to oil, gas, and biofuels.

Notably, the resolution does not apply to retail fuel distributors.


  • Accident: An occurrence resulting in pollution, damage to the environment, harm to human health, material losses, or disruption of operations.
  • Serious Accident: An incident involving severe injury, fatality, major discharge, fire, explosion, structural failure, collision, grounding, capsizing, helicopter crash, or loss of well control.
  • Root Cause: The failure in the management system that allowed the incident’s causal factors to exist.
  • Major Discharge: A spillage of oil, oil mixtures, derivatives, biofuels, or other hazardous substances exceeding 8 cubic meters (approximately 8,000 liters) that reaches ecologically sensitive areas, water intakes, urban areas, conservation units, or socioeconomically important regions.

Initial Incident Reporting

Operators are required to report incidents to the ANP within specified timeframes, depending on the severity and nature of the incident. This includes detailed information about the incident, its location, substances involved, and initial response actions taken.

Investigation Process: Following an incident, operators must conduct thorough investigations to determine root causes and contributing factors. The resolution specifies the minimum content required for investigation reports, including details on the incident, its consequences, investigative methodology, and corrective actions.

  • Details of the Incident: This section should provide a comprehensive overview of the incident, including the date, time, and location, as well as a description of what happened and the substances or equipment involved.
  • Consequences: Operators must document the immediate and potential consequences of the incident, such as injuries, environmental damage, and production disruptions.
  • Investigative Methodology: The report should outline the methodology used to investigate the incident, including data collection, analysis techniques, and any expert consultations.
  • Root Causes and Contributing Factors: Identifying the root causes and contributing factors is crucial for preventing similar incidents in the future. The investigation report should analyze underlying issues related to equipment failure, human error, procedural deficiencies, or external factors.
  • Corrective Actions: Based on the findings of the investigation, operators must propose corrective actions to address identified deficiencies and mitigate risks. These actions should be feasible, specific, and targeted at preventing recurrence.

ANP Oversight and Recommendations: The ANP reserves the right to oversee investigations, request additional information, and issue recommendations to improve safety practices. Operators must implement these recommendations and communicate any changes to the ANP.

Implications for Industry Safety and Accountability

Resolution Nº 882 marks a significant step towards enhancing safety and accountability within the Brazilian oil and gas sector. Clear reporting and investigation procedures enables proactive identification of risks and implementation of preventive measures. The resolution also fosters transparency and collaboration between operators and regulatory authorities, contributing to a culture of continuous improvement and learning.

By promoting timely incident reporting, thorough investigation, and implementation of corrective actions, the Resolution Nº 882 aims to mitigate risks, protect the environment, and safeguard human lives. Moving forward, adherence to these guidelines will be essential for fostering a safer and more sustainable oil and gas industry in Brazil.